Using Facebook to procrastinate—which means irrationally turning to Facebook instead of doing other more important tasks—is very common among students.
A study in Computers in Human Behavior
investigates what characteristics of a student makes him or her procrastinate with Facebook more often and how this affects the students’ academic and overall well-being.
- Students with 1) low self-control, 2) strong Facebook checking habits, and 3) high enjoyment of Facebook use are more likely to procrastinate with Facebook.
- The more students procrastinate with Facebook, the higher their academic stress and Facebook-induced strains.
- Procrastinating with Facebook can impair the users’ well-being.
What are important predictors of procrastination with Facebook and does frequent procrastination with Facebook affect the psychological well-being of students?
Study 1: 354 student Facebook users (mean age: 22.89 years; 71% females) from several German universities.
Study 2: 345 student Facebook users (mean age: 21.17 years; 62% females) from several German universities.
In the first study, participants were asked to fill out an online questionnaire, including questions about their self-control, their Facebook checking habits and their enjoyment of Facebook use. These questions were asked in order to investigate whether Facebook is a frequently used ‘tool’ for procrastination among students and whether the frequency of procrastination can be predicted by self-control.
In order to examine whether procrastination with Facebook is related to academic stress and Facebook-induced strains, participants of the second study were also asked to fill out an online survey, including questions about their level of perceived academic stress and perceived Facebook-induced strains on well-being.
In both studies, students were asked about their frequency of procrastination with Facebook.
- Students who had low self-control, habitually checked their Facebook, and enjoyed Facebook a lot, were more likely to procrastinate with online media, such as Facebook.
- The more frequently students procrastinated with Facebook, the higher their academic stress and the more they reported strains resulting from their overall Facebook use.
- An increase in procrastination with Facebook impaired the user’s well-being, indicated by temporary mood, personal relationships, and personal growth.
- Critical Note: As this study has exclusively focused on students, findings cannot be generalized.
Adrian Meier, Leonard Reinecke, & Christine E. Meltzer
Adrian Meier, Leonard Reinecke and Christine E. Meltzer are affiliated with the Department of Communication of the Johannes Gutenberg University Mainz in Germany.
“Facebocrastination”? Predictors of using Facebook for procrastination and its effects on students’ well-being
Schlindwein, L. (2016, November 17). Three important predictors of students’ Facebook procrastination. Bitescience. Retrieved [date], from http://www.bitescience.com/knowledgedatabase.aspx